Rendezvous recanalization of a postoperative coloanal anastomotic dehiscence with a lumen-apposing metal stent
09.April 2018 (eFirst)
LAMSs have been successfully used for the recanalization of complete colorectal anastomotic obstructions  . However, there are no reports of using LAMSs in the treatment of coloanal anastomotic dehiscence.
A 51-year-old man with a rectosigmoid tumor underwent low anterior resection. His surgery was then complicated by leakage, which was treated by proctectomy, coloanal anastomosis, and creation of a diverting ileostomy. On follow-up sigmoidoscopy, the anastomosis appeared to have dehisced and no lumen to the proximal colon was identified. Therefore, a rendezvous approach was planned for the treatment of coloanal anastomotic dehiscence.
An upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscope was advanced transanally to the coloanal anastomosis, while a pediatric colonoscope was advanced towards the anastomosis through the loop ileostomy ([Fig. 1]). With the use of fluoroscopic guidance and transillumination, the dehiscent coloanal anastomosis was identified. A guidewire was advanced in an antegrade direction and was captured from the anus. A 15 × 10-mm LAMS was then inserted over the wire from the anal side and successfully deployed across the anastomosis ([Fig. 2] and [Fig. 3]; [Video 1]).
Video 1 The video shows the rendezvous approach being used to recanalize a coloanal anastomotic dehiscence with a lumen-apposing metal stent.
The patient was discharged home in good condition 1 day after the procedure. After 2 months, a flexible sigmoidoscopy was carried out, in which the stent was removed with a forceps. The upper GI endoscope was advanced to a point proximal to the anastomosis, which was noted to be widely patent ([Fig. 4]). The stent was then reloaded into the therapeutic upper GI endoscope and redeployed across the anastomosis to ensure the area remained patent. After 4 months, the stent was removed following ileostomy reversal. The patient continues to do well after 3 months of follow-up.
In conclusion, treatment of postoperative coloanal anastomotic dehiscence using a LAMS placed via the rendezvous technique is feasible and effective.
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Sanaei O, Brewer Gutierrez O, Moran R et al. Rendezvous recanalization of a postoperative coloanal anastomotic dehiscence with a lumen-apposing metal stent. Endoscopy 2018, 50: doi:10.1055/a-0591-2148
In the above mentioned article the page numbers have been corrected.
This was corrected in the online version on August 17, 2018.
- 1 Gornals JB, Albines G, Trenti L. et al. EUS-guided recanalization of a complete rectal anastomotic stenosis by use of a lumen-apposing metal stent. Gastrointest Endosc 2017; 82: 752
- 2 Sanaei O, Ngamruengphong S, Chen YI. et al. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided freestyle rendezvous recanalization of a complete postoperative rectosigmoid anastomotic obstruction with a lumen-apposing metal stent. Endoscopy 2017; 49: E206-E207