Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 2019; 58(05): 339-350
DOI: 10.1055/a-0755-1398
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© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Multiple Sklerose: Neurorehabilitation und symptomatische Therapie

Multiple Sclerosis: Neurorehabilitation and Symptomatic Treatment
Michael Sailer
,
Sabine Lindquist
,
Almut Sickert
,
Juliane Lamprecht
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
23 October 2019 (online)

Bei multipler Sklerose (MS) sind aufgrund einer frühzeitigen Einschränkung der Teilhabe am Arbeitsleben die Wiederherstellung und der Erhalt der Erwerbsfähigkeit wesentliche Ziele der neurologischen Rehabilitation. Neben den Besonderheiten der MS in der neurologischen Rehabilitation wird in diesem Beitrag unabhängig von der Verlaufsform die rehabilitative und symptomatische Therapie häufiger Symptome dargestellt und in einem Fallbeispiel vertieft.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis is the most common cause of non-traumatic disability in young adults. The following article addresses special features of multiple sclerosis in the context of neurological rehabilitation. The rehabilitative and symptomatic therapy of frequent symptoms and functional deficits are presented independently of the course of the disease. Rehabilitation in MS focuses on functional deficits in mobility, paresis, spasticity, ataxia, bladder dysfunction, fatigue, cognitive symptoms, depression and pain. The multimodal inpatient rehabilitation comprises aerobic training in MS-specific groups and interventions targeting individual deficits. Neuropsychological training, individual and group session on coping and adherence to therapy as well as advice on social issues and the evaluation of the work place situation complement the therapy options. The early age of onset of the disease often causes an early restriction of participation in working life. The restoration and maintenance of work ability is therefore an essential goal of neurological rehabilitation, as well as the organization of aftercare and the introduction of vocational rehabilitation services.