Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2020; 128(03): 190-198
DOI: 10.1055/a-0803-0362
Article
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

STEP as a Useful Tool to Screen for Diabetes-Specific Health-Related Problems in Community-Based Geriatric Patients- An Exploratory Secondary Analysis of Cross-Sectional Data

Solveig Carmienke
1  Institute of General Practice and Family Medicine, Medical Faculty of Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany
,
Anne-Kathrin Geier
2  Department of General Practice, Medical Faculty, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
,
Tobias Deutsch
2  Department of General Practice, Medical Faculty, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
,
Franz Maximilian Rasche
1  Institute of General Practice and Family Medicine, Medical Faculty of Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany
3  KfH Kuratorium für Dialyse und Nierentransplantation e.V., Neu-Isenburg, Germany
4  Department of Internal Medicine, Neurology, Dermatology, Clinic for Endocrinology, Diabetology and Nephrology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
,
Thomas Frese
1  Institute of General Practice and Family Medicine, Medical Faculty of Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany
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Weitere Informationen

Publikationsverlauf

received 23. Juli 2018
revised 19. November 2018

accepted 21. November 2018

Publikationsdatum:
12. Februar 2019 (online)

Abstract

Background and Aims Comprehensive geriatric assessments are established tools for the identification of health problems in the elderly. So far, little is known about tailoring and targeting to facilitate their application. As a starting point for a tailored assessment of patients with diabetes, a highly prevalent health condition, we aimed to assess if the Standardized Assessment of Elderly People (STEP) is able to identify relevant differences in self-reported health problems between diabetic and non-diabetic patients.

Patients and Methods We performed a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study including 1007 adults (aged 65 and older) from 28 German general practices, evaluating the feasibility and usefulness of the self-administered STEP version. For this exploratory study we re-analysed the data and compared patients with and without diabetes.

Results Out of 940 patients included in the secondary analysis, 248 (26.4%) had diabetes. Compared to non-diabetic patients, geriatric diabetic patients reported more often problems in activities of daily living, physical problems typically associated with diabetes such as urinary incontinence, visual impairment, mood disturbances, as well as the use of medical or social services. Most of our results were stable after adjusting for age, sex and body mass index.

Conclusion We conclude that the self-administered version of the STEP tool may be used to screen for health problems typically associated with diabetes. Our results may guide the development of a tailored STEP-version specifically for diabetic patients. Further research might evaluate the adoption and usefulness of such a tool in every-day general practice.

Supplementary Material