Drug Res (Stuttg) 2020; 70(04): 131-136
DOI: 10.1055/a-1070-8783
Original Article
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effects of Additional Administration of a Selective Inhibitor of Sodium Glucose co-transporter-2 Inhibitor on the Glycemic Control in Japanese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Receiving Treatment with a Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor

Masataka Kusunoki
1  Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness and Sports, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
,
Daisuke Sato
2  Department of Biomedical Information Engineering, Graduate School of Medical Science, Yamagata University, Yamagata, Japan
,
Takahiko Sakazaki
3  Department of Sports and Health Sciences, Fukui University of Technology, Fukui, Japan
,
Tetsuro Miyata
4  Sanno Medical Center, Vascular Center, Tokyo, Japan
,
Kazuhiko Tsutsumi
5  Okinaka Memorial Institute for Medical Research, Tokyo, Japan
,
Yoshiharu Oshida
6  Medical Checkup Center, Minami Seikyo Hospital Nagoya, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 30 September 2019

accepted 17 November 2019

Publication Date:
12 March 2020 (online)

Abstract

We conducted this study to determine whether additional administration sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor might provide further improvement of glycemic control and also to explore any advantages in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients showing relatively good glycemic control under treatment dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. We divided the patients in two groups, MT group and CT group. The MT group were continued on the DPP-4 inhibitor treatment for 6-months, and CT group were additionally administered an SGLT2 inhibitor treatment for 6-months. The MT group showed a significant decrease of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), but a significant increase of body weight, body mass index and serum uric acid, compared to the baseline values, while the CT group showed a significant decrease of HbA1c, body weight, BMI, and serum uric acid, and also a significant increase of serum HDL-cholesterol and decrease of serum triglyceride levels. Furthermore, this group showed a significant decrease of serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GTP), which are markers of liver function. These results suggest that the combination therapy is useful, in particular, for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with hyperlipidemia and liver dysfunction. Among the SGLT2 inhibitors added to the DPP-4 inhibitor treatment, the decreases of serum levels of AST, ALT and γ-GTP were particularly significant in the group receiving luseogliflozin, suggesting that the combination of a DPP-4 inhibitor with luseogliflozin is particularly effective for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with liver dysfunction.