Endoscopy 2021; 53(01): E19-E20
DOI: 10.1055/a-1173-7326
E-Videos

Endoscopic submucosal dissection for gastric duplication cyst with heterotopic pancreas

Gwang Ha Kim
1  Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea
,
Moon Won Lee
1  Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea
,
Bong Eun Lee
1  Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea
,
Do Youn Park
2  St. Mary Pathology Laboratory, Busan, Korea
› Author Affiliations

A 63-year-old man presented with a gastric subepithelial tumor, incidentally detected on screening endoscopy. A subepithelial tumor, approximately 30 mm in size and with a positive cushion sign, was observed on the greater curvature of the gastric lower body ([Fig. 1]). Severe erythema and hemorrhagic spots were seen on its surface. On endoscopic ultrasonography, the lesion was anechoic, mainly confined to the submucosal layer, and had a small branch-shaped hypoechoic portion in the cystic wall ([Fig. 2]). Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was suggested in order to prevent bleeding ([Video 1]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 A subepithelial tumor with severe erythema and hemorrhagic spots was seen in the gastric lower body.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 On endoscopic ultrasonography, the lesion was anechoic, mainly confined to the submucosal layer, and a small branch-shaped hypoechoic portion was identified in the cystic wall (arrow).

Video 1 Endoscopic submucosal dissection of a gastric duplication cyst.


Quality:

After marking the tumor borders, a 0.9 % saline solution with epinephrine and indigo carmine was injected into the submucosal layer. Subsequently, a circumferential mucosal incision was made with a dual knife and submucosal dissection was performed with an insulated-tipped knife. During dissection, the tumor was tightly attached to the proper muscle layer; therefore, a clip attached with dental floss was deployed to secure the dissection plane between the tumor and muscle layer ([Fig. 3]). The tumor was safely and completely resected ([Fig. 4]). Histopathologically, the cystic lesion was lined with columnar epithelial mucosa and had its own muscle layer, and ectopic pancreatic tissue of acinar structure was present in the cystic wall ([Fig. 5]). The patient did not develop any adverse events and was discharged after 2 days.

Zoom Image
Fig. 3 A clip attached with dental floss was deployed to secure the dissection plane between the tumor and the muscle layer.
Zoom Image
Fig. 4 The inner surface of the resected specimen.
Zoom Image
Fig. 5 Histopathologically, the cystic lesion was lined with columnar epithelial mucosa and had its own muscle layer (hematoxylin and eosin [H&E] stain, × 12.5). Ectopic pancreatic tissue of acinar structure was also present in the cystic wall (boxed area, H&E stain, × 100).

Gastric duplication cysts comprise about 2 % – 9 % of gastrointestinal duplication cysts [1]. Most are cystic, occurring along the greater curvature of the stomach without communicating with it [2]. Ectopic pancreatic tissue is found in the wall in up to 37 % [3]. The conventional treatment for removal is surgical resection; ESD is an alternative modality. Due to the tight attachment of the cyst to the muscle layer, dental floss and clip traction is an efficient and safe method for en bloc resection.

Endoscopy_UCTN_Code_CCL_1AB_2AD_3AF

Endoscopy E-Videos is a free access online section, reporting on interesting cases and new techniques in gastroenterological endoscopy. All papers include a high
quality video and all contributions are
freely accessible online.

This section has its own submission
website at
https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/e-videos



Publication History

Publication Date:
29 May 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany