Int J Sports Med
DOI: 10.1055/a-1273-8630
Training & Testing

Reliability of Throwing Velocity during Non-specific and Specific Handball Throwing Tests

Luis Javier Chirosa Rios
1  Department of Physical Education and Sport, Universidad de Granada, Granada
,
Jesualdo Cuevas-Aburto
2  Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Conditioning, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepcion
,
Dario Martínez-García
1  Department of Physical Education and Sport, Universidad de Granada, Granada
,
David Ulloa-Diaz
2  Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Conditioning, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepcion
,
Oscar Andres Andrades Ramírez
3  Faculty of Education, Universidad de Las Américas, Santiago
,
Isidoro Martinez Martin
4  Department of Physical Education and Sport, Universidad de Leon, Leon
,
Amador García Ramos
1  Department of Physical Education and Sport, Universidad de Granada, Granada
2  Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Conditioning, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepcion
› Author Affiliations
Funding: This study has been partially supported by grants RTI2018-099723-B-I00 of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness awarded to Jose Fernando Vera Vera and Luis Javier Chirosa Rios.

Abstract

Throwing velocity is one of the most important factors for scoring goals in handball. This study aimed to identify the type of throw and procedure for selecting the final test outcome that provide throwing velocity with the greatest reliability. Fifteen experienced handball players and 33 non-experienced participants were tested in two sessions. Each session consisted of 4 trials of 3 different throwing tests (unspecific, 7-meters, and 3-steps). The maximum value of 4 trials, average value of 4 trials, and average value of the 3 best trials were considered. Throwing velocity was highly reliable (coefficient of variation [CV]≤3.3%, intraclass correlation coefficient≥0.89) with the exception of the unspecific throw for the non-experienced group (CV≥5.9%, intraclass correlation coefficient≤0.56). The 3-steps throw (CV=1.7%) was more reliable than the 7-meters throw (CV=2.1%) (CVratio=1.19) and unspecific throw (CV = 3.8%) (CVratio=2.18), the 3 procedures provided a comparable reliability (CV range=2.4−2.6%; CVratio≤1.07), and the experienced group (CV=1.0%) presented a higher reliability than the non-experienced group (CV=4.0%) (CVratio=3.83). These results support the 3-steps throw to maximise the reliability of throwing velocity performance.



Publication History

Received: 26 June 2020

Accepted: 21 September 2020

Publication Date:
30 October 2020 (online)

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