Int J Sports Med
DOI: 10.1055/a-1312-6797
Training & Testing

A 3-min All-out Upper-body Ergometer Test For Competitive Swimmers

1  Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports (NEXS), University of Copenhagen, Denmark
,
1  Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports (NEXS), University of Copenhagen, Denmark
,
Thomas Bonne
1  Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports (NEXS), University of Copenhagen, Denmark
,
Magni Mohr
2  Centre of Health Science, Faculty of Health, University of the Faroe Islands, Tórshavn, Faroe Islands
3  The Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
› Author Affiliations
Funding: The study was supported by funds from Team Denmark.

Abstract

We examined the application of a land-based swimming ergometer 3-min all-out test to determine physiological predictors of swimming performance. Fourteen young elite swimmers participated (males: n=6; females: n=8). The swimmers completed two 3-min upper-body all-out tests on a swimming ergometer. Additionally, the swimmers completed freestyle swim races ranging from 50 m to 1500 m. High test-retest reproducibility (r=0.98 and coefficient of variation values <7.5%) was evident for ergometer derived peak, mean and critical power. Very strong correlations (r>0.87, p<0.001) were obtained between the 200-, 400-, 800- and 1500-m swimming performances and derived critical speed. Moreover, correlations were found between peak force and peak power and 50-m performance, in addition to critical power and performance for all distances. The critical speed was the dominant predictor of 200- to 1500-m performances (r=0.84−0.99). In conclusion, the land-based 3-min all-out swimming ergometer test is reliable and valid in predicting swimming performance in competitive swimmers and evaluates important physiological components in swimmers independent of technical abilities.



Publication History

Received: 10 November 2020

Accepted: 10 November 2020

Publication Date:
22 December 2020 (online)

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