Synthesis
DOI: 10.1055/a-1677-5870
special topic
Asymmetric C–H Functionalization

Recent Advances on Transition-Metal-Catalyzed Asymmetric C–H Arylation Reactions

Mingliang Li
a   Department of Chemistry, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518055, P. R. of China
,
Jun Wang
a   Department of Chemistry, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518055, P. R. of China
b   Department of Chemistry, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
› Institutsangaben
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 21902072).


Abstract

Transition-metal-catalyzed asymmetric C–H functionalization has become a powerful strategy to synthesize complex chiral molecules. Recently, catalytic enantioselective C–H arylation has attracted great interest from organic chemists to construct aryl-substituted chiral compounds. In this short review, we highlight recent advances in asymmetric C–H arylation from 2019 to late 2021, including enantioselective C(sp2)–H arylation to construct axial or planar chiral compounds, and enantioselective C(sp3)–H arylation to introduce central chirality via desymmetrization of the methyl group or methylene C–H activation. These processes proceed with palladium, rhodium, iridium, nickel, or copper catalysts, and utilize aryl halides, boron, or diazo derivatives as arylation reagents.

1 Introduction

2 Transition-Metal-Catalyzed Asymmetric C(sp2)–H Arylation

2.1 Chelation-Assisted Asymmetric C(sp2)–H Arylation for the Construction of Atropisomer

2.2 Chelation-Assisted Asymmetric C(sp2)–H Arylation for the Construction of Planar Chiral Compounds

2.3 Chelation-Assisted Asymmetric C(sp2)–H Arylation and Axial-to-Central Chirality Transfer for the Construction of Spirocycles

2.4 Other Asymmetric C(sp2)–H Arylation Reactions

3 Transition-Metal-Catalyzed Asymmetric C(sp3)–H Arylation

3.1 Chelation-Assisted Enantioselective C(sp3)–H Arylation through Desymmetrization

3.2 Chelation-Assisted Enantioselective Methylene C(sp3)–H Aryl­ation

3.3 Other Asymmetric C(sp3)–H Arylations

4 Conclusion and Outlook



Publikationsverlauf

Eingereicht: 26. September 2021

Angenommen nach Revision: 25. Oktober 2021

Publikationsdatum:
25. Oktober 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved

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Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

 
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