CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Laryngorhinootologie 2022; 101(S 01): S144-S159
DOI: 10.1055/a-1708-2881

Active and Passive Bioimplants for Vocal Fold Paralysis

Article in several languages: deutsch | English
Andreas Müller


Vocal fold paralysis is one of the diseases that particularly affect quality of life. While unilateral paralysis leads to glottis closure insufficiency and hoarseness, bilateral paralysis compromises respiration and limits the exercise tolerance. Bioimplants have been used to treat persistent paralysis for over 100 years. The spectrum ranges from autologous tissue transfer and resorbable or permanent injection materials to composite thyroplasty implants and active electrical implants for neurostimulation of the larynx. If bioimplants are used in accordance with the recommendations, the quality of life of affected patients can be significantly improved today.

Publication History

Article published online:
23 May 2022

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