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Metabolite Profiling of Talatisamine in Heart Tissue After Oral Administration and Analysis of Cardiac BioactivitiesSupported by: the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities 2682022ZTPY078
Supported by: National Natural Science Foundation of China 82073734
The lateral roots of the Aconitum carmichaelii (“Fuzi”) have been used for centuries as a cardiotonic in China. The diterpenoid alkaloid talatisamine (TA) is a major bioactive component of Fuzi, but the identity and bioactivities of TA metabolites have not been examined in detail. In this study, metabolite profiling of TA was performed in rat heart by UPLC-MS following oral administration. Metabolites were identified by comparing protonated molecules, fragmentation patterns, and chromatographic behaviors with those of standard compounds. Metabolites of TA were then prepared and tested for cardiotonic activity on isolated frog hearts. The metabolite cammaconine, a C19 diterpenoid alkaloid with a hydroxyl group at C-18, exhibited substantial cardiotonic activity during frog heart perfusion. To further investigate the structure–cardiac effect relationships, a series of C19-diterpenoid alkaloids with 18-OH were prepared. Eight tested compounds (5–12) demonstrated measurable cardioactivity, of which compound 5 with an N-methyl group and compound 7 with a methoxy at C-16 showed stronger effects on ventricular contraction than the other compounds. Thus, 18-OH is a critical structural feature determining cardiotonic activity, and efficacy is improved by the presence of an N-methyl or methoxy at C-16. Preliminary mechanistic studies suggested that the cardiotonic effect of compound 5 is mediated by enhanced cellular calcium influx. Metabolites of TA with these structural features may be useful therapeutics to prevent heart failure.
Received: 28 June 2022
Accepted after revision: 06 October 2022
Accepted Manuscript online:
06 October 2022
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