Int J Sports Med 2010; 31(11): 810-817
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1262808
Training & Testing

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

A Comparison of Elastic Tubing and Isotonic Resistance Exercises

J. C. Colado1 , X. Garcia-Masso1 , M. Pellicer1 , Y. Alakhdar2 , J. Benavent1 , R. Cabeza-Ruiz3
  • 1University of Valencia, Laboratory of Physical Activity and Health, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Valencia, Spain
  • 2University of Valencia, Department of Physiotherapy, Valencia, Spain
  • 3University of Seville, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Seville, Spain
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision June 28, 2010

Publication Date:
11 August 2010 (online)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess effects of a short-term resistance program on strength in fit young women using weight machines/free weights or elastic tubing. 42 physically fit women (21.79±0.7 years) were randomly assigned to the following groups: (i) the Thera-Band® Exercise Station Group (TBG); (ii) the weight machines/free weights group (MFWG); or (iii) the control group (CG). Each experimental group performed the same periodised training program that lasted for 8 weeks, with 2–4 sessions per week and 3–4 sets of 8–15 submaximal reps. A load cell (Isocontrol; ATEmicro, Madrid, Spain) was used to test the evolution of the Maximum Isometric Voluntary Contraction (MIVC) in 3 different exercises: Vertical Rowing (VR), Squat (S) and Back Extension (BE). A mixed model MANOVA [group (CG, TBG, MFWG) x testing time (pre-test, post-test)] was applied to determine the effect of the different resistance training devices on strength. The only groups to improve their MIVC (p<0.005) were TBG and MFWG, respectively: VR 19.87% and 19.76%; S 14.07 and 28.88; BE 14.41% and 14.00%. These results indicate that resistance training using elastic tubing or weight machines/free weights have equivalent improvements in isometric force in short-term programs applied in fit young women.

References

Correspondence

Juan C. Colado

University of Valencia

Physical Education

C/Gascó Oliag 3

46010 Valencia

Spain

Phone: +34/96/386 43 74

Fax: +34/96/386 43 53

Email: juan.colado@uv.es

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