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Outcome of blood pressure and renal function in patients with renal artery stenosis after stenting
27 April 2011 (online)
AA Sule, DYH Tai, SP Chan, P Handa, JC Tay. Outcome of blood pressure and renal function in patients with renal artery stenosis after stenting. Int J Angiol 2007;16(4):131-134.
OBJECTIVE: To study the response of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) and renal function after renal artery stenting at three months, six months, one year and last follow-up.
METHODS: Patients with significant renal artery stenosis who underwent angioplasty with stenting from January 1999 to September 2006 were analyzed. The BP and serum creatinine levels were recorded at baseline, three months, six months, one year and at last follow-up. Generalized estimating equations were applied to analyze the changes in blood pressure and serum creatinine over time.
RESULTS: There were 32 patients — 21 Chinese, six Malay and five Indian. The male to female ratio was 1.3:1. The mean age (± SD) was 69.4±8.8 years. The mean follow-up time was 1.8±1.6 years (range 0.5 to six years). When compared with the baseline BP, there was significant improvement at three months, six months, one year and at last follow-up. In the diabetes mellitus (DM) group, there was deterioration in serum creatinine. In the non-DM group, there was stabilization of serum creatinine with improvement at one year.
CONCLUSION: Significant improvement in BP occurs in renal artery stenosis patients after stenting. In patients without DM, renal function remains stable or improves. However, in DM patients, especially those with proteinuria, there is deterioration in renal function.