Facial plast Surg 2012; 28(03): 288-293
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1312695
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Facial Filler and Neurotoxin Complications

Kartik Nettar1, Corey Maas1
  • 1The Maas Clinic for Aesthetic and Facial Plastic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
21 June 2012 (online)

Abstract

Botulinum neuromodulators and injectable dermal fillers have become part of the armamentarium in the treatment of facial aging. Their successful use requires a fundamental knowledge of anatomy and physiology and a sound understanding of their risks and complications. Although neuromodulators and fillers continue to demonstrate a strong record of safety, several notable risks exist.