Facial plast Surg 2012; 28(03): 288-293
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1312695
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Facial Filler and Neurotoxin Complications

Kartik Nettar
The Maas Clinic for Aesthetic and Facial Plastic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California
,
Corey Maas
The Maas Clinic for Aesthetic and Facial Plastic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
21 June 2012 (online)

Abstract

Botulinum neuromodulators and injectable dermal fillers have become part of the armamentarium in the treatment of facial aging. Their successful use requires a fundamental knowledge of anatomy and physiology and a sound understanding of their risks and complications. Although neuromodulators and fillers continue to demonstrate a strong record of safety, several notable risks exist.