Facial Plast Surg 2012; 28(03): 347-353
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1312702
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Facial Flap Complications

Richard A. Zoumalan
1  Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Beverly Hills, California, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California
Craig S. Murakami
2  Virginia Mason Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
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21. Juni 2012 (online)


Knowledge of fundamental concepts can help decrease the chance of complications in plastic surgery. Local flap reconstruction for facial defects has many pitfalls. This article describes common complications in local flap reconstruction of the face and describes strategies that prevent problems.