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Synthesis and In Vitro Pharmacological Activity of C-2 Modified New Salvinorin A Analogues
The neoclerodane diterpenoid salvinorin A isolated from the leaves of hallucinogenic sage Salvia divinorum, is a potent and selective κ-opioid receptor (KOR) agonist . Since its discovery, a large number of analogues have been prepared by semi-synthesis to probe the pharmacophore and mode of binding . Some of these analogues present interesting pharmacological profiles from full KOR agonist to partial δ-opioid receptor (DOR) or µ-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist and antagonists. The current objective is to utilize the knowledge about salvinorin A-KOR interactions to rationally design salvinorin A derivatives with different pharmacological profiles and therapeutic potential. In the course of our work on the molecular mechanism of interaction of salvinorin A with KOR, we reported irreversible binding of 22-thiocyanatosalvinorin A with the sulfhydryl group of Cysteine-315 at the κ-opioid receptor . The presence of electron withdrawing group substituents at C-22 may enhance electrophilicity of this center and thereby leads to stronger binding with the thiol group of Cys-315 of KOR. Here we report, a new series of salvinorin A derivatives modified at C-2, and evaluated for their in vitro binding affinity to KOR, MOR and DOR. Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the NIH Grant R01 DA017204 and the NIMH Psychoactive Drug Screening Program (PDSP), UNC at Chapel Hill, NC 27599.
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