Int J Sports Med 2014; 35(02): 164-171
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1345128
Nutrition
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effects of Different Physical Exercises on Leptin Concentration in Obese Adolescents

C. Ackel-D’Elia
1  Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
,
J. Carnier
1  Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
,
C. R. Bueno JR.
1  Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
,
R.M. S. Campos
1  Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
,
P. L. Sanches
1  Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
,
A.P. G. Clemente
1  Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
,
S. Tufik
2  Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
,
M. T. de Mello
2  Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
,
A. R. Dâmaso
1  Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History



accepted after revision 26 March 2013

Publication Date:
18 July 2013 (eFirst)

Abstract

In order to compare the effects of leisure physical activity (LPA), aerobic training (AT) and aerobic plus resistance training (AT+RT) as part of a 6-month interdisciplinary therapy in body composition, insulin resistance and leptin concentrations in obese adolescents, 72 volunteers (n=24 in each group) ages 15–19 years were evaluated. Delta (Δ) body mass (kg) and Δ BMI (kg/m2) was different between AT and LPA groups and in AT+RT group compared to both LPA and AT groups; Δ body fat mass (kg and %) was different only in AT+RT group compared to both LPA and AT; Δ body lean mass (%) was different only in AT+RT group; Δ body lean mass (kg) was negative only in AT and positive and different from AT in AT+RT group; ΔHOMA-IR did not differ among groups; Δ leptin (ng/ml) was negative and different from LPA for both AT and AT+RT groups. In conclusion, both AT and AT+RT promoted a reduction on leptin levels, however, the adolescents subjected to AT+RT presented better results in body composition than the AT group. These results highlight the importance of associating aerobic and resistance training with nutritional and psychological approaches in the treatment of obese adolescents.