Facial plast Surg 2013; 29(04): 295-309
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1349363
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Minimally Invasive Periorbital Rejuvenation

Jonathan Hoenig1, 2, 3, Danya Hoenig1
  • 1Private practice, Beverly Hills, California
  • 2Department of Oculofacial Plastic Surgery, Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California
  • 3UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, California
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
24 July 2013 (online)

Abstract

Minimally invasive procedures have become increasingly popular over the last decade. In many cases, the use of neuromodulators and fillers has replaced surgical procedures. This article reviews the analysis and evaluation of the aesthetic patient presenting for periorbital rejuvenation. A layered approach is used, evaluating the skin, fat, muscle, and bone to determine which procedure is best suited for each patient. Volume enhancement with the use of fat and fillers and muscle manipulation with the use of neuromodulators are discussed. A brief summary of currently available skin-resurfacing techniques is also discussed.