Facial plast Surg 2013; 29(04): 310-315
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1349364
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Management of Injuries of the Eye and Its Adnexa

K. J. Lipke
Department of Ophthalmology, Ulm Bundeswehr Hospital, Ulm, Germany
H. O. C. Gümbel
Department of Ophthalmology, Ulm Bundeswehr Hospital, Ulm, Germany
› Author Affiliations
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Publication History

Publication Date:
24 July 2013 (online)


The face plays the main role in interpersonal communication and in aesthetic perception. What is more, on account of the complex eyelid anatomy required to ensure the functioning of the eye, the treatment of periocular injuries requires a profound knowledge of anatomy and plastic reconstructive surgery, even if a loss of soft tissue is involved. Many methods for the reconstruction of eyelid defects have been described in the current literature. These methods must be guided by the site and extent of the defect on the one hand and by cosmetic requirements on the other to produce best results in terms of form and function. The treatment of injuries in the area of the eyelid involves some peculiarities that must be considered. The management of large defects in particular requires the cooperation of all head surgery disciplines.