Ultraschall in Med 2014; 35(2): 108-128
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1355872
Continuing Medical Education
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Artifacts and Pitfalls in Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound of the Liver

C. F. Dietrich1, A. Ignee1, C. Greis2, X. W. Cui1, D. G. Schreiber-Dietrich1, M. Hocke3
  • 1Medical Department, Caritas-Krankenhaus, Bad Mergentheim
  • 2Ultrasound Department, Bracco Imaging Deutschland, Konstanz
  • 3Medical Department, Klinikum Meiningen
Further Information

Publication History

28 May 2013

03 September 2013

Publication Date:
29 January 2014 (eFirst)


Ultrasound technology is always connected to possible artefacts. Since introduction of ultrasound technology the knowledge of those artefacts is eminent to avoid misinterpretations. It is important to know that with the introduction of new ultrasound technology the possibility of artefacts are rising. Whereas artefacts initially were limited to B-mode sonography, every technological step (colour Doppler sonography, contrast enhanced sonography) comes with a range of new artefacts. This article is written to explain the technological basics of ultrasound artefacts and provide the reader with examples in daily practice and how to avoid them.