Facial plast Surg 2014; 30(01): 016-025
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1365824
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Treatment of Unwanted Pigment

Elizabeth W. Chance
Department of Plastic Surgery, Martha Jefferson Hospital, Charlottesville, Virginia
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
31 January 2014 (online)


Disorders of skin pigmentation pose significant challenges to both patients and physicians, as they have the unfortunate duality of being both common and difficult to treat conditions. This article reviews the etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment options for melasma and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. A thorough understanding of the disease process itself, expected agent efficacy, risks, and benefits of various treatments is crucial while treating these complex conditions.