Facial Plast Surg 2014; 30(05): 509-517
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1394099
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Orbital Fractures: Pathophysiology and Implant Materials for Orbital Reconstruction

E. Bradley Strong
1  Department of Otolaryngology, University of California, Davis, California
› Author Affiliations
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Publication History

Publication Date:
14 November 2014 (online)


Among midfacial fractures, the frequency of orbital injuries is surpassed only by nasal fractures. A clear understanding of orbital anatomy and the pathophysiology of these injuries is critical to accurate diagnosis, precise surgical reconstruction, and successful clinical outcomes. This chapter reviews the mechanism of injury and pathophysiology of orbital fractures as well as the implant materials that are currently used for surgical reconstruction.