Semin intervent Radiol 2015; 32(01): 034-041
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1396962
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Procedural and Indwelling Complications with Inferior Vena Cava Filters: Frequency, Etiology, and Management

Lazar Milovanovic
1  Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
,
Sean A. Kennedy
1  Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
,
Mehran Midia
2  Department of Diagnostic Imaging, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
02 March 2015 (online)

Abstract

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are commonly used in select high-risk patients for the prevention of pulmonary embolism. Potentially serious complications can arise from the use of IVC filters, including thrombosis of the filter itself and filter fragment embolization. This article discusses the utility of IVC filters and reviews the management of two cases of filter-related complications.