Semin intervent Radiol 2015; 32(01): 049-053
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1396964
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma Rupture Following Transarterial Chemoembolization

Nimarta Singh Bhinder
1  Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
,
Steven M. Zangan
1  Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
02 March 2015 (online)

Abstract

As the incidence of primary and metastatic liver cancer increases, minimally invasive treatment methods such as transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) have gained momentum as their efficacy and safety profile have been validated. Complications of TACE are rare and typically well tolerated. A unique complication is tumor rupture with hemorrhage. Reports of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) rupture after TACE are limited. It is critical to recognize this complication and understand the treatment options, which range from conservative to surgical management. This report describes a case of HCC rupture following TACE successfully managed with coil embolization.