Semin Neurol 2015; 35(01): e1-e13
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1549094
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Rehabilitation of Moderate-to-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

Blessen C. Eapen
1   Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, Texas
2   Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas
,
Derrick B. Allred
2   Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas
,
Justin O'Rourke
3   Department of Neuropsychology, Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, Texas
,
David X. Cifu
4   Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Center for Rehabilitation Sciences and Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
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Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
27. März 2015 (online)

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force. Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of morbidity and disability and is considered a major public health concern. Traumatic brain injury sequelae can lead to long-term impairments in physical, cognitive, behavioral, and social function. Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation requires an interdisciplinary holistic team approach in the management of medical complications, the prevention of further disability, and helping patients return to their highest level of independence. The authors review TBI pathophysiology, grading severity, common medical complications, cognitive rehabilitation, prognosis, and common outcomes used in TBI rehabilitation.