Synlett 2016; 27(12): 1873-1877
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1561976
letter
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

A Simple Entry to Yne-amides from Yne-oxazolidinones

Charles S. Demmer, Gwilherm Evano*
  • Laboratoire de Chimie Organique, Service de Chimie et PhysicoChimie Organiques, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Avenue F. D. Roosevelt 50, CP160/06, 1050 Brussels, Belgium   Email: gevano@ulb.ac.be
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 11 February 2016

Accepted after revision: 10 March 2016

Publication Date:
05 April 2016 (eFirst)

Abstract

A convenient entry to yne-amides, useful building blocks for chemical synthesis whose synthesis can be rather difficult – especially in the acyclic series – is reported. They were found to be readily obtained by a simple ring opening of the corresponding, readily available yne-oxazolidinones with organolithium reagents. Surprisingly, no competitive carbolithiation of the highly reactive nitrogen-substituted alkyne or propargylic lithiation were observed, this method therefore providing a useful entry to yne-amides which can be obtained in fair to good yields.

Supporting Information

 
  • References and Notes


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  • 24 General Procedure for the Ring-Opening of Yne-oxazolidinones An oven-dried 10 mL round-bottom flask was charged with the corresponding yne-oxazolidinone (0.50 mmol). The flask was fitted with a rubber septum, evacuated under high vacuum and backfilled with argon. Freshly distilled THF (5 mL) was next added, and the solution was cooled to –78 °C before adding dropwise the organolithium reagent (0.65 mmol, 1.3 equiv). The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min at this temperature, and the corresponding electrophile (0.75 mmol, 1.5 equiv) was then added. The reaction mixture was slowly warmed to room temperature, stirred for an additional 30 min, and quenched with a sat. aq solution of NH4Cl (5 mL). The layers were separated, the aqueous layer was extracted thrice with Et2O (3 × 5 mL), and the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was finally purified by flash column chromatography using mixtures of EtOAc and PE as eluents. N-(2-Benzoyloxyethyl)-N-pentanoyl-oct-1-ynamine (16b) Yield 55% (98 mg, 0.27 mmol); yellow oil. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 8.04 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 2 H), 7.54 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.41 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 2 H), 4.49 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 2 H), 3.89 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 2 H), 2.62 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 2 H), 2.21 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2 H), 1.70–1.55 (m, 2 H), 1.51–1.15 (m, 10 H), 0.95–0.85 (m, 6 H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 175.2, 166.4, 133.0, 130.0, 129.8, 128.4, 75.1, 72.4, 62.0, 46.6, 34.1, 31.3, 28.9, 28.6, 27.0, 22.6, 22.4, 18.5, 14.1, 13.8. IR (ATR): νmax = 2958, 2932, 2255, 1723, 1690, 1452, 1379, 1316, 1268, 1203, 1112, 1098, 1070, 1029, 737, 711 cm–1. ESI-HRMS: m/z calcd for C22H31NO3 [M + H]+: 358.2377; found: 358.2378.