Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel 2016; 11 - P227
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1580974

Prevalence of obesity among diabetes in selected area in Sri Lanka

AM Muthalib 1, KA Naser 2, SM Mujahid 3
  • 1Institute of Indigenous Medicine, Clinical Medicine, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 2King's Mill Hospital, Sutton in Ashfeild, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom
  • 3North Matale Hospital, Matale, Sri Lanka

Rates of non-communicable diseases are increasing in Sri Lanka rapidly. Obesity is a multi-factorial disease and frequently related with diabetes, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to estimate fasting blood glucose concentration and body mass index in diabetic patients. A total of 357 patients aged between 20 – 70 years both male and female were recruited for this study. Body weight, height, waist and hip circumference and fasting blood glucose concentration were obtained from all participants. The subjects were divided into two groups on the basis of body mass index, BMI between 25 kg/m2 to 29.9 kg/m2 and ≥30 kg/m2 were considered as overweight and obese respectively. The sample was 66 males and 291 females with a mean age in males 52.4 (± 12.3) and females were 56.5 (± 10.2). In total population 34% had impaired fasting blood glucose concentration and it was 54% and 34% among males and females. Obese showed the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.8%) than over weight (9.3%). Prevalence of central obesity was 17.2% in obese and 7.1% in overweight. Prevalence of central obesity was 32.4% and it was higher in females (44%) than males (12%). Base on this research finding, prevalence of diabetes mellitus was high in obese patients compared to overweight. Mean fasting glucose concentration in obese group was found to be higher and it was found higher percentage in obese women than obese men. In the entire patients a statically significant, liner correlation was found between BMI and fasting blood glucose concentration.