Facial plast Surg 2016; 32(02): 142-149
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1581049
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

State of the Art in Congenital Eyelid Deformity Management

Lily Koo Lin1, Jonathan Martin1
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, University of California Davis Health System Eye Center, Sacramento, California
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Publication Date:
20 April 2016 (online)


The eyelids are crucial in maintaining the health of the ocular surface and have an important role in facial aesthetics. Interruption in eyelid development can lead to congenital eyelid deformities. This article reviews eyelid anatomy, the most common congenital eyelid abnormalities such as congenital ptosis, eyelid coloboma, and epiblepharon, and the management of these conditions.