CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Arq Bras Neurocir 2018; 37(03): 174-181
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1583935
Original Article | Artigo Original
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Traumatic Brain Injury Caused by Motor Vehicle Collision and Alcoholism in Piauí

Article in several languages: English | português
Benjamim Pessoa Vale
1  Instituto de Neurociências, Teresina, PI, Brazil
2  Sociedade Brasileira de Neurocirurgia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
,
Juçara Gonçalves de Castro
3  Faculdade Integral Diferencial, Teresina, PI, Brazil
,
Marx Lima Barros Araújo
1  Instituto de Neurociências, Teresina, PI, Brazil
,
Herb Barrêto de Morais
3  Faculdade Integral Diferencial, Teresina, PI, Brazil
,
Lívio Pereira de Macêdo
4  Hospital da Restauração, Recife, PE, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

11 January 2016

06 April 2016

Publication Date:
23 May 2016 (eFirst)

Abstract

Objectives To determine the relationship between alcohol consumption and the incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with diffuse axonal injury (DAI), determining these indices, checking acquired comorbidities and characterizing the patients by gender, age and race/color, as well as describing the characteristics of the motor vehicle collision (vehicle, period of the day, day of the week and site) in people admitted to an emergency hospital in the city of Teresina, in the state of Piauí, Brazil.

Methods We have analyzed the data contained in the medical records of patients admitted with a history of motor vehicle collision and severe TBI in intensive care units, based on the forms provided by the Mobile Emergency Care Service (SAMU, in the Portuguese acronym) in the period between February 28 and November 28, 2013.

Results In the period covered by the present study, 200 individuals were analyzed, and 54 (27%) had consumed alcohol; of these 11 had DAI. Of the total sample, 17% (34) presented DAI, however, with unknown data regarding the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Conclusion Considering the data, we observed that the profile of the head trauma patients are brown men, mostly (53.5%) aged between 15 and 30 years. The collisions occurred mostly on weekends and at night (55%), and 89.5% of the crashes involved motorcycles.