Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infection and Prognosis after Surgery of Lung Cancer: A Retrospective Study
12 February 2016
23 May 2016
05 July 2016 (eFirst)
To investigate the association between pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria infection (PNTMI) and prognosis after pulmonary resection for non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we retrospectively analyzed 391 consecutive patients with NSCLC who underwent surgery. Subjects were grouped based on with/without PNTMI defined by two criteria (12 and 23 PNTMI subjects). Kaplan–Meier analysis showed no significant difference between the two groups regarding overall survival (p = 0.800 and p = 0.912 by two criteria). PNTMI was not identified as a significant factor associated with prognosis by either univariate or multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.950 and HR = 0.948, respectively).