CC BY ND NC 4.0 · SynOpen 2017; 01(01): 0008-0010
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1588167
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Ultrasound-Accelerated Amide Coupling Reactions Directed toward the Synthesis of 1-Acetyl-3-carboxamide-β-carboline Derivatives of Biological Importance

N. Sharmaa, P. Kumaria, P. Sharmaa, N. Bhagatb, S. Bhagat*a
  • aOrganic Synthesis research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, A.R.S.D. College, University of Delhi, New Delhi-110021, India
  • bInstrumentation & Control Engineering, Netaji Subash Institute of Technology, University of Delhi, Azad Hind Fauz Marg, Dwarka, Delhi-110078, India   Email: sunitabhagat28@gmail.com
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 03 February 2017

Accepted after revision: 12 March 2017

Publication Date:
22 March 2017 (online)

Abstract

Several biologically important 1-acetyl-3-carboxamide-β-carboline derivatives were rapidly synthesized by ultrasound-promoted amide coupling of 1-acetyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid with substituted aromatic amines. The major advantages of the proposed method are that use of ultrasound irradiations afforded the desired products in a drastically reduced reaction time and in excellent yields compared with conventional stirring.

Supporting Information

 
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  • 33 Conventional method for the synthesis of 9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxamide derivatives (3a–k); General procedure: To a stirred solution of 1 (1 equiv) in DMF were added EDC·HCl (1.1 equiv) and HOBt (1.1 equiv), followed by addition of DIPEA (2.1 equiv). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 30 minutes. The requisite amine 2ac was added portionwise and the reaction was stirred at r.t. for 15–18 h (Table 1). Progress of reaction was monitored by TLC. After completion, the reaction mixture was poured into ice-cold water, and the precipitate filtered. Column chromatography on silica (100–200 mesh), eluting with 30–40% ethyl acetate/hexane gave the pure 1-acetyl-3-carboxamide-β-carboline derivatives 3ac.Ultrasound method for the synthesis of 1-acetyl-3-carboxamide-β-carboline derivatives (3a–k); General procedure: To a stirred solution of 1 (1equiv) in DMF were added EDC·HCl (1.1 equiv) and HOBt (1.1 equiv), followed by addition of DIPEA (2.1 equiv). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at r.t. for 10 minutes. The requisite amine 2ak was added portionwise and the reaction was stirred at r.t. under sonication for the time detailed in Table 1 and Table 2. The progress of the reaction was monitored by TLC. After completion, the reaction mixture was poured into ice-cold water, and the precipitate filtered. Column chromatography on silica (100–200 mesh), eluting with 30–40% ethyl acetate/hexane gave the pure 1-acetyl-3-carboxamide-β-carboline derivatives 3ak.Representative Spectroscopic Data1-Acetyl-N-phenethyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxamide (3a): Pale-yellow solid; mp 172–174 °C; IR (KBr): 3349, 2914, 1683, 1534 cm–1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 10.31 (s, 1 H, -NH), 9.00 (s, 1 H), 8.12 (d, J = 7.63 Hz, 1 H), 8.00 (t, 1 H, -NH), 7.56–7.50 (m, 2 H), 7.31–7.18 (m, 6 H), 3.78 (q, J = 6.78 Hz, 2 H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.78 Hz, 2 H), 2.67 (s, 3 H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 202.2, 164.4, 141.4, 139.1, 139.0, 136.1, 133.4, 132.5, 129.6, 128.8, 128.7, 126.5, 122.2, 121.4, 120.9, 118.2, 112.1, 40.4, 35.8, 25.6; HRMS (ESI): m/z [M+H]+ calcd for C22H19N3O2: 358.1555; found: 358.1545.1-Acetyl-N-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxamide (3j): Yellow solid; mp 210–212 °C; IR (KBr): 3350, 2916, 1665, 1539 cm–1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6): δ = 12.29 (s, 1 H, -NH), 10.39 (s, 1 H, -NH), 9.19 (s, 1 H), 8.12 (q, J = 6.10 Hz, 1 H), 7.83 (d, J = 7.63 Hz, 1 H), 7.63 (t, J = 8.39 Hz, 1 H), 7.46–7.41 (m, 1 H), 7.34 (t, J = 7.63 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (t, J = 8.39 Hz, 1 H), 2.93 (s, 3 H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 200.6, 162.5, 145.1, 142.9, 142.4, 137.2, 135.0, 133.9, 133.9, 132.2, 129.5, 122.4, 121.0, 120.2, 118.4, 113.4, 111.4, 104.5, 104.2, 25.9; HRMS (ESI): m/z [M+H]+ calcd for C20H13F2N3O2: 366.1054; found: 366.1061
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