Bu4N+-Controlled Addition and Olefination with Ethyl 2-(Trimethylsilyl)acetate via Silicon Activation
Received: 30 January 2017
Accepted after revision: 27 March 2017
02 May 2017 (eFirst)
Published as part of the Cluster Silicon in Synthesis and Catalysis
Catalytic Bu4NOAc as silicon activator of ethyl 2-(trimethylsilyl)acetate, in THF, was utilized for the synthesis of β-hydroxy esters, whereas employing catalytic Bu4NOTMS gave α,β-unsaturated esters. The established reaction conditions were applicable to a diverse range of aromatic, heteroaromatic, aliphatic aldehydes and ketones. Reactions were achieved at room temperature without taking any of the specialized precautions that are in place for other organometallics. A stepwise olefination pathway via silylated β-hydroxy esters with subsequent elimination to form the α,β-unsaturated ester has been demonstrated. The key to selective product formation lies in use of the weaker acetate activator which suppresses subsequent elimination whereas stronger TMSO– activator (and base) facilitates both addition and elimination steps. The use of tetrabutyl ammonium salts for both acetate and trimethylsilyloxide activators provide enhanced silicon activation when compared to their inorganic cation counterparts.