Semin Reprod Med 2016; 34(06): 356-360
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1593491
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Thyroid Dysfunction and Male Reproductive Physiology

Neal Patel
1  Department of Urology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York
,
James A. Kashanian
1  Department of Urology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York
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Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
14. Oktober 2016 (eFirst)

Abstract

Normal thyroid physiology is paramount for the proper development and important for the maintenance of male reproduction. Both short- and long-term deviations in thyroid hormone levels have been shown to alter male reproductive function on a micro- and macroscopic level. Thyrotoxicosis and hypothyroidism are associated with changes in spermatogenesis, semen quality, levels of sexual hormones, and erectile function. However, the degree to which thyroid dysfunction is clinically responsible for male infertility has not been clearly elucidated.