Facial plast Surg 2017; 33(02): 217-224
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1597999
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Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Interest in Aesthetic Rhinoplasty Scale

Mohsen Naraghi
Department of Otolaryngology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Atari
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
07 April 2017 (online)


Interest in cosmetic surgery is increasing, with rhinoplasty being one of the most popular surgical procedures. It is essential that surgeons identify patients with existing psychological conditions before any procedure. This study aimed to develop and validate the Interest in Aesthetic Rhinoplasty Scale (IARS). Four studies were conducted to develop the IARS and to evaluate different indices of validity (face, content, construct, criterion, and concurrent validities) and reliability (internal consistency, split-half coefficient, and temporal stability) of the scale. The four study samples included a total of 463 participants. Statistical analysis revealed satisfactory psychometric properties in all samples. Scores on the IARS were negatively correlated with self-esteem scores (r = –0.296; p < 0.01) and positively associated with scores for psychopathologic symptoms (r = 0.164; p < 0.05), social dysfunction (r = 0.268; p < 0.01), and depression (r = 0.308; p < 0.01). The internal and test–retest coefficients of consistency were found to be high (α = 0.93; intraclass coefficient = 0.94). Rhinoplasty patients were found to have significantly higher IARS scores than nonpatients (p < 0.001). Findings of the present studies provided evidence for face, content, construct, criterion, and concurrent validities and internal and test–retest reliability of the IARS. This evidence supports the use of the scale in clinical and research settings.