Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2017; 21(04): 443-458
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1604001
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Muscle: Ischemia, Infarction, and Compartment Syndrome

Stephen M. Broski1, Christin A. Tiegs Heiden1, Michael D. Ringler1
  • 1Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
03 August 2017 (online)


Muscle ischemia and infarction are associated with a variety of pathologic conditions and commonly encountered in busy imaging practices. This article reviews the most common clinical scenarios in which they are seen including compartment syndrome, diabetic myonecrosis, and rhabdomyolysis, focusing on the imaging findings and differential diagnosis for each disease process. Magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly useful in differentiating myonecrosis from muscle ischemia and myositis, and it is highly accurate in diagnosing the most common type of compartment syndrome.