Polyhydramnios Affecting a Recipient-like Twin: Risk of Progression to Twin–Twin Transfusion Syndrome and Outcomes
11 April 2017
15 November 2017
29 December 2017 (eFirst)
Objective The significance of polyhydramnios of one twin in the absence of oligohydramnios of the cotwin in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies (polyhydramnios affecting a recipient-like twin [PART]) is unknown. Our aim is to assess the risk of progression to twin–twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) with PART, progression to ≥ stage II TTTS, and neonatal survival.
Study Design This study was a retrospective cohort study of MCDA twin pregnancies with PART evaluated at a referral center from 2008 to 2015.
Results Sixty-four MCDA twin pregnancies with PART were identified. Fifteen (23.4%) progressed to TTTS, including 10 (15.6%) who progressed to ≥ stage II TTTS. Three pregnancies were terminated and one underwent selective reduction by radiofrequency ablation. Overall survival was 113 out of 128 (88.3%). Of those who remained stable, 91.8% (N = 45) had survival of both neonates. In multivariate analysis, the presence of arterioarterial (A-A) anastomosis by in utero Doppler ultrasound was associated with decreased risk of progression to TTTS (odds ratio: 0.12, p = 0.03, 95% confidence interval: 0.02–0.78).
Conclusion Most MCDA twin pregnancies with PART do not progress to TTTS and have a favorable prognosis. Progression rates are higher than observed in uncomplicated MCDA twins; however, so close surveillance is warranted. The presence of an A-A anastomosis appears to confer decreased risk of progression to TTTS.
Keywordsarterioarterial anastomosis - isolated polyhydramnios - monochorionic diamniotic - PART - twin–twin transfusion syndrome
This study was presented at the 36th Annual Pregnancy Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine in Atlanta, GA, February 1–6, 2016.
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