CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Organic Materials 2019; 01(01): 063-070
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3401016
Short Review
The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). (2019) The Author(s).

Redox Polymers as Electrode-Active Materials for Batteries

a  Institute for Organic Chemistry, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
b  Freiburg Materials Research Center, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
c  Cluster of Excellence livMatS @ FIT – Freiburg Center for Interactive Materials and Bioinspired Technologies, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Funding Information Generous support by the German Research Foundation (ES 361/2-1 and ES 361/4-1), the European Union (CIG 321636), and the Chemical Industry Trust (Li 189/11) is gratefully acknowledged. Gefördert durch die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) im Rahmen der Exzellenzstrategie des Bundes und der Länder – EXC-2193/1 – 390951807. Funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy – EXC-2193/1 – 390951807.
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 13 September 2019

Accepted after revision: 24 October 2019

Publication Date:
05 December 2019 (online)


Abstract

Organic cathode materials are promising candidates for a new generation of ‘green batteries’, since they have low toxicity and can be produced from renewable resources or from petroleum. This review shows that organic redox polymers can show excellent battery performance regarding cycling stability and rate capability, and attractive specific capacities are accessible. Radical polymers and redox polymers based on heteroaromatics demonstrate superior rate capabilities and cycling stabilities at fast C-rates as well as high discharge potentials of 3–4 V versus Li/Li+, while quinone- or imide-based polymers deliver high specific capacities of up to 260 mAh g−1 with stable cycling at moderate C-rates and lower discharge potentials. This review article highlights the underlying design principles showcasing selected examples of well-performing redox polymers.

 
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