J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2020; 81(04): 472-479
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713938
Surgical Approaches to the Orbit
Review Article

Combined Surgical Approaches In and Around the Orbit

S. Tonya Stefko
1  Departments of Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, and Neurological Surgery, Eye & Ear Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
› Author Affiliations


Orbital pathology requiring surgery can be planned based on the nature of the disease and the position of this relative to the globe and optic nerve complex. Multidisciplinary treatment is now common, and this sometimes includes multiple surgical corridors employed for approach. The orbit is also now frequently used as a corridor to intracranial pathology, and these same processes may be applied. Combined surgical approaches, whether at the same time or staged, allow for minimization of manipulation of critical neurovascular structures in complex skull base pathology.

Publication History

Publication Date:
04 September 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Stuttgart · New York