Eur J Pediatr Surg 2021; 31(05): 427-431
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1716835
Original Article

Ileal Neoappendicostomy in the Treatment of Fecal Incontinence in Children

Helle Attermann Abildgaaard
1  Research Unit for Surgery, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark
2  OPEN, Open Patient Data Explorative Network, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, Denmark
,
Mark Bremholm Ellebæk
1  Research Unit for Surgery, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark
,
Yazan F. Rawashdeh
3  Department of Urology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
,
Niels Qvist
1  Research Unit for Surgery, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Introduction An antegrade colonic enema (ACE) via an appendicostomy has been shown to be effective in the management of functional bowel problems. In cases with a missing appendix, a neoappendicostomy may be considered.

Materials and Methods A retrospective review of clinical outcomes in children who underwent ileal neoappendicostomy for ACE. Medical records were reviewed for data on demography, intra- and postoperative complications. A follow-up questionnaire on stoma problems, ACE-related problems, bowel function, patient satisfaction, well-being, and effect on daily activities was performed.

Results Ten patients were included at an average age of 10.6 years at surgery. In half of the patients, minor postoperative complications (Clavien–Dindo grade 2 or less) were found. Nine patients answered the questionnaire with a mean follow-up of 57 months. Despite complaints of stomal leakage, difficulties with catheterization, and pain during irrigation, they reported a high grade of satisfaction, improvements in well-being, and bowel function and the achievement of continence.

Conclusion Ileal neoappendicostomy may be an alternative to ACE in children with severe and medically intractable constipation and or/and fecal incontinence where the appendix is missing or not available.



Publication History

Received: 15 March 2020

Accepted: 16 August 2020

Publication Date:
15 September 2020 (online)

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