Eur J Pediatr Surg 2021; 31(05): 445-451
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1716884
Original Article

Esophageal Atresia and Associated Duodenal Atresia: A Cohort Study and Review of the Literature

Maria Enrica Miscia
1  Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Medicine and Aging Science, University Gabriele d'Annunzio of Chieti Pescara Pescara, Italy
,
2  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Medicine and Aging Science, University Gabriele d'Annunzio of Chieti and Pescara, Chieti, Abruzzo, Italy
3  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ospedale Civile dello Spirito Santo, Pescara, Abruzzo, Italy
,
Dacia Di Renzo
4  UO Chirurgia Pediatrica, Ospedale Civile dello Spirito Santo, Pescara, Abruzzo, Italy
,
Angela Riccio
2  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Medicine and Aging Science, University Gabriele d'Annunzio of Chieti and Pescara, Chieti, Abruzzo, Italy
,
1  Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Medicine and Aging Science, University Gabriele d'Annunzio of Chieti Pescara Pescara, Italy
,
Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa
2  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Medicine and Aging Science, University Gabriele d'Annunzio of Chieti and Pescara, Chieti, Abruzzo, Italy
3  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ospedale Civile dello Spirito Santo, Pescara, Abruzzo, Italy
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Introduction Esophageal atresia (EA) is associated with duodenal atresia (DA) in 3 to 6% of cases. The management of this association is controversial and literature is scarce on the topic.

Materials and Methods We aimed to (1) review the patients with EA + DA treated at our institution and (2) systematically review the English literature, including case series of three or more patients.

Results Cohort study: Five of seventy-four patients with EA had an associated DA (6.8%). Four of five cases (80%) underwent primary repair of both atresia, one of them with gastrostomy placement (25%). One of five cases (20%) had a delayed diagnosis of DA. No mortality has occurred. Systematic Review: Six of six-hundred forty-five abstract screened were included (78 patients). Twenty-four of sixty-eight (35.3%) underwent primary correction of EA + DA, and 36/68 (52.9%) underwent staged correction. Nine of thirty-six (25%) had a missed diagnosis of DA. Thirty-six of sixty-eight underwent gastrostomy placement. Complications were observed in 14/36 patients (38.9 ± 8.2%). Overall mortality reported was 41.0 ± 30.1% (32/78 patients), in particular its incidence was 41.7 ± 27.0% after a primary treatment and 37.0 ± 44.1% following a staged approach.

Conclusion The management of associated EA and DA remains controversial. It seems that the staged or primary correction does not affect the mortality. Surgeons should not overlook DA when correcting an EA.

Ethical Approval

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Ethical approval: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Ethical approval: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Ethical approval: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


Supplementary Material



Publication History

Received: 06 April 2020

Accepted: 16 August 2020

Publication Date:
28 September 2020 (online)

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