CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Arquivos Brasileiros de Neurocirurgia: Brazilian Neurosurgery
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1719001
Original Article | Artigo Original

Epidemiological Profile of Surgically-Treated Peripheral-Nerve Diseases

Perfil epidemiológico das doenças de nervos periféricos tratadas cirurgicamente
1  Programa de Neuropsiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento (POSNEURO), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil
2  Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil
,
2  Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil
,
2  Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil
,
3  Hospital Getúlio Vargas, Recife, PE, Brazil
,
4  Hospital da Restauração, Recife, PE, Brazil
,
2  Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil
,
Daniella Araújo de Oliveira
1  Programa de Neuropsiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento (POSNEURO), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil
2  Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Objective To outline the epidemiological profile of surgical patients treated at the peripheral-nerve outpatient clinic of a public hospital in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2008 (the year this service was implemented in the hospital ) to 2016.

Material and Methods A cross-sectional study with data collection from the medical records. A descriptive analysis was performed with the qualitative variables presented as relative and absolute frequencies, and the quantitative variables, as means and standard deviations. The studied variables were gender, age, diagnosis, and surgical techniques.

Results In total, 506 medical records were analyzed. Of these, 269 were of male patients (53%), and 238 were of female patients (46%). The age of the sample ranged from 5 to 84 years (41 ± 14 years). The most prevalent diagnoses were: carpal tunnel syndrome (38.9%) followed by traumatic brachial plexus injury (33.2%). The first diagnosis was more frequent among women, while the second, among men. This collaborates with the predominant findings of upper-limb lesions (91%), in which men accounted for 52,75% (244) and women, for 47,25% (217).

Conclusion The present study provided relevant information regarding the reality of peripheral-nerve surgeries performed at a public hospital in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Public health issues increasingly require the continuity of public policies and government incentive.

Resumo

Objetivo O presente estudo buscou delinear o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes cirúrgicos atendidos no ambulatório de nervos periféricos de um hospital público de Pernambuco no período de 2008 (ano de implantação deste serviço no hospital) a 2016.

Material e métodos Estudo transversal com coleta de dados em prontuários. Foi realizada análise descritiva, com as variáveis qualitativas apresentadas como frequências relativas e absolutas, e as variáveis quantitativas numéricas, como médias e desvios padrão. As variáveis estudadas foram sexo, idade, diagnóstico, e técnicas cirúrgicas.

Resultados No total, 506 prontuários foram analisados, sendo 269 de pacientes homens (53%) e 238 de pacientes mulheres (46%). A faixa etária variou de 5 a 84 anos (41 ± 14 anos). Os diagnósticos mais prevalentes foram: síndrome do túnel do carpo (38%), seguida por lesão traumática do plexo braquial (33%). O primeiro diagnóstico foi mais frequente entre as mulheres, e o segundo, entre os homens. Isto colabora com os achados predominantes das lesões dos membros superiores (91%), em que os homens representaram 52.75% (244), e as mulheres, 47.25% (217).

Conclusão O presente estudo forneceu informações relevantes sobre a realidade das cirurgias de nervos periféricos realizadas em um hospital público em Pernambuco. Tais problemas de saúde pública precisam cada vez mais da continuidade das políticas públicas e do incentivo do governo.



Publication History

Received: 13 May 2020

Accepted: 24 August 2020

Publication Date:
26 November 2020 (online)

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