Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2021; 42(05): 689-697
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1733987
Review Article

How Antibiotics Stewardship Can Be Safely Implemented in Patients with Septic Shock?

Etienne de Montmollin
1  Medical and Infectious Diseases Intensive Care Unit, AP-HP, Bichat Claude Bernard University Hospital, Paris, France
2  INSERM IAME UMR 1137, University of Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris, France
,
Jean-François Timsit
1  Medical and Infectious Diseases Intensive Care Unit, AP-HP, Bichat Claude Bernard University Hospital, Paris, France
2  INSERM IAME UMR 1137, University of Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris, France
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

In critically ill patients with sepsis and septic shock, the need for prompt and adequate antibiotic therapy is balanced by the risk of excessive antibiotic exposure that leads to emergence of multidrug-resistant pathogens. As such, antibiotic stewardship programs propose a set of operating rules from antibiotic treatment initiation to de-escalation and finally cessation. In this review, we will describe the rationale for early antibiotic treatment in septic patients, how to optimize initial antibiotic treatment, rules for early treatment discontinuation in pathogen-negative sepsis, and optimal duration of antimicrobial therapy.



Publication History

Publication Date:
20 September 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USA