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Assessment of Laparoscopic Posterior Mesh Rectopexy for Complete Rectal Prolapse: A Case Series with Review of LiteratureFunding None.
Background Trans-abdominal rectopexy for complete rectal prolapse (CRP) reportedly yields more definitive results as compared with trans-perineal surgery. In the era of minimal access surgery, minimally invasive laparoscopic rectopexy has become a popular treatment option for patients with rectal prolapse (RP). Herein, we describe our preferred surgical procedure for the correction of RP and evaluate its results. We further aim to perform a comparative assessment between perioperative outcomes achieved with open and laparoscopic applications of this technique.
Materials and methods This was a retrospective cross-sectional observational study conducted at a tertiary health care center in Maharashtra, India. We studied cases of RP who underwent laparoscopic posterior mesh rectopexy during the past 15 years (2005–2021), in our institution, operated upon by a single surgeon.
Results Of the total 14 patients, 12 were managed with laparoscopic posterior mesh rectopexy. The remaining two underwent laparoscopic suture rectopexy. The mean operative time was 120 minutes. Constipation improved among 28.57%, remained the same among 21.42%, and worsened among 35.71% patients. No intra-operative blood transfusion was required. Mean length of hospital stay was 4 days. There were no recurrences over a mean follow-up period of 94 months, i.e., 7.83 years (range 7–197 months).
Conclusions Laparoscopic posterior rectopexy can be safely performed in older patients to achieve early postoperative ambulation and significantly shorten the hospital stay. It may, therefore, be considered an effective treatment for CRP and urinary dysfunction. However, the incidence of de-novo constipation and worsening of pre-existing constipation is significantly high.
Article published online:
19 March 2022
© 2022. Medical and Surgical Update Society. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
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