CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Revista Urología Colombiana / Colombian Urology Journal 2022; 31(02): e63-e67
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1743510
Original Article | Artículo Original
Pediatric Urology / Urología Pediátrica

Quadratus Lumborum Block for Upper Tract Urological Surgery in Pediatric Patients

Bloqueo del cuadrado lumbar para cirugía urológica del tracto superior en pacientes pediátricos
1   Division of Pediatric Anesthesia, UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, United States
1   Division of Pediatric Anesthesia, UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, United States
2   Division of Pediatric Urology, UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, United States
2   Division of Pediatric Urology, UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, United States
› Author Affiliations


Objective Among regional blocks, the quadratus lumborum fascial plane block (QLB) has been well described, but the description of its use and efficacy for pediatric patients undergoing upper abdominal urologic surgery is limited. We present a case series examining the use of the QLB for postoperative pain management in children undergoing upper tract surgery.

Methods From August 2019 to August 2020, through a chart review, we identified 5 patients who had undergone a QLB for upper urinary tract surgery via a flank incision. Posterior QLB was performed after induction of general anesthesia. A single injection of 0.5mL/kg of either 0.25% or 0.5% ropivacaine with 1mcg/kg of clonidine was administered. Patients received fentanyl IV (1 mcg/kg), and acetaminophen IV (15mg/kg) as adjuvants during the operation. Postoperative pain was managed with oral acetaminophen and ibuprofen.

Results The average postoperative pain score during the entire admission was 1, with the lowest being 0 and highest, 3. No administration of rescue narcotics was required in the postanesthesia care unit or on the floor. The average length of stay ranged from 0 to 1 day. No complications associated with the regional QLB were identified.

Conclusions Our series suggests the QLB may be considered as a regional anesthetic option to minimize narcotic requirements for children undergoing upper abdominal urological surgery via flank incision. Additional studies are needed to compare the efficacy of the QLB versus alternate regional anesthetic blocks for upper tract urological surgery via flank incision in children and to determine effective dosing and use of adjuvants.


Objetivo Entre los bloqueos regionales, el bloqueo del plano fascial del cuadrado lumbar (BCL) ha sido bien descrito; sin embargo, tiene una descripción limitada de su uso y eficacia en pacientes pediátricos sometidos a cirugía urológica abdominal superior. Presentamos una serie de casos que examinan el uso del BCL en el manejo del dolor posoperatorio en niños sometidos a cirugía urológica del tracto superior.

Métodos De agosto de 2019 a agosto de 2020, mediante revisión de historias clínicas, se identificaron 5 pacientes sometidos al BCL para cirugía del tracto urinario superior por incisión en el flanco. El BCL posterior se realizó después de la inducción de la anestesia general. Solo se administró una inyección de 0,5 ml/kg de ropivacaína al 0,25% o al 0,5% con 1 mcg/kg de clonidina. Los pacientes recibieron fentanilo IV (1 mcg/kg) y acetaminofén IV (15 mg/kg) como adyuvantes durante la operación. El dolor posoperatorio se manejó con acetaminofén e ibuprofeno oral.

Resultados El puntaje promedio de dolor posoperatorio para todo el ingreso fue de 1, siendo el más bajo 0 y el más alto, 3. No se requirieron administraciones de narcóticos de rescate en la unidad de recuperación posanestésica ni en la planta de hospitalización. La estancia media fue de 0 a 1 día. No se identificaron complicaciones asociadas con el BCL regional.

Conclusiones Nuestra revisión sugiere que el BCL puede ser considerado una opción anestésica regional para minimizar los requerimientos de narcóticos en niños sometidos a cirugía urológica abdominal superior por incisión en el flanco. Se necesitan estudios adicionales para comparar la eficacia de BCL en comparación con la de los bloqueos anestésicos regionales alternativos para la cirugía urológica del tracto superior por incisión en el flanco en niños y para determinar la efectividad de la dosificación y del uso de adyuvantes.

Publication History

Received: 18 October 2021

Accepted: 20 January 2022

Article published online:
21 June 2022

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