Homeopathy
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1748881
Original Research Article

Homeopathic Medicines in Second Wave of COVID-19: Prognostic Factor Research

1   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, Liga Medicorum Homoeopathica Internationalis, New Delhi, India
,
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Moumita Chakraborty
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Amrit Kalsi
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Baljeet Singh Meena
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Prabhjeet Kaur
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Beenu Saini
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Amit Arora
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Cheshta Nagrath
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Jithesh Thavarayil Kannoth
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Ram Kumar Kudiyarasu
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Rahul Vardaan
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Smita Brahmachari
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Yogesh Kumar
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
B. Amitav
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Pramod Konthembath
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Ankit Gupta
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Suresh Kumar Lolugu
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Pawan Goel
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Shelly Arora
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Shirin Balan
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Kavita Sharma
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Anu Chawla
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Malaya Kumar Ray
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Vineetha Susan Jacob
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Udesh Kumar
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Vikas Kumar Verma
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Rahul Kumar Singh
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Abishes Saha
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Manjula Ghuliani
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Paramjeet Kaur
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Shruti Gora
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Meeta Gupta
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Brender Sharma
2   Health and Family Welfare Department, Directorate of AYUSH, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, New Delhi, India
,
Lex Rutten
3   Independent Practitioner, Breda, The Netherlands
› Author Affiliations
Funding Government infrastructure was used for the study. No special funding was provided as all the contributors are full-time staff employed by the Government of NCT of Delhi.

Abstract

Background/Objective The clinical profile and course of COVID-19 evolved perilously in a second wave, leading to the use of various treatment modalities that included homeopathy. This prognostic factor research (PFR) study aimed to identify clinically useful homeopathic medicines in this second wave.

Methods This was a retrospective, multi-centred observational study performed from March 2021 to May 2021 on confirmed COVID-19 cases who were either in home isolation or at COVID Care Centres in Delhi, India. The data were collected from integrated COVID Care Centres where homeopathic medicines were prescribed along with conventional treatment. Only those cases that met a set of selection criteria were considered for analysis. The likelihood ratio (LR) was calculated for the frequently occurring symptoms of the prescribed medicines. An LR of 1.3 or greater was considered meaningful.

Results Out of 769 confirmed COVID-19 cases reported, 514 cases were selected for analysis, including 467 in home isolation. The most common complaints were cough, fever, myalgia, sore throat, loss of taste and/or smell, and anxiety. Most cases improved and there was no adverse reaction. Certain new symptoms, e.g., headache, dryness of mouth and conjunctivitis, were also seen. Thirty-nine medicines were prescribed, the most frequent being Bryonia alba followed by Arsenicum album, Pulsatilla nigricans, Belladonna, Gelsemium sempervirens, Hepar sulphuris, Phosphorus, Rhus toxicodendron and Mercurius solubilis. By calculating LR, the prescribing indications of these nine medicines were ascertained.

Conclusion Add-on use of homeopathic medicines has shown encouraging results in the second wave of COVID-19 in integrated care facilities. Further COVID-related research is required to be undertaken on the most commonly prescribed medicines.

Authors' Contributions

This study was conducted under the mentorship of L.R. and R.K.M. Author R.K.M. provided overall guidance in planning, study design and critical evaluation of data and manuscript, besides ensuring logistic support. Co-authors A.M. and L.R. helped in the training of the team, development of the Excel sheet, statistical analysis, and manuscript writing. Authors A.M., M.G. and B.S. coordinated data collection and critically reviewed the prescriptions. Cases were treated and data sheets were completed by all other co-authors, who also contributed to the critical review of the Excel sheet and participated in periodical review of the data collection. All authors are responsible for and agreed to the content of the submitted manuscript.




Publication History

Received: 16 October 2021

Accepted: 08 February 2022

Article published online:
10 August 2022

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