CC BY 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2023; 13(02): 187-192
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1749377
Original Article

The Level of Knowledge of Dental Profession Students of Universitas Airlangga on Leukoplakia as an Oral Potentially Malignant Disorder: An Observational Analytic Cross-Sectional Study

Rosalyn Surya Dewi
1   Profession Program, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Nurina Febriyanti Ayuningtyas
2   Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Saka Winias
2   Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
2   Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Rosnah binti Zain
3   Faculty of Dentistry, MAHSA University, Bandar Saujana Putra, Jenjarom, Selangor, Malaysia
4   Oral Cancer Research and Coordinating Centre, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Malaya, Malaysia
,
5   Bachelor Program, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Kelvin Alfan Nola Anggrarista
5   Bachelor Program, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
2   Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
› Institutsangaben
Funding None.

Abstract

Introduction Some oral cancers are preceded by oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD), clinically and histologically characterized by epithelial dysplasia. Leukoplakia is one of the OPMDs which clinically categorized into homogenous and nonhomogenous. Nonhomogeneous leukoplakia has a higher potential for malignant change. Therefore, dentists are required to recognize leukoplakia early during an oral (visual) examination, and this competency must be one of the requirements before graduation.

Objective This study aimed to understand the level of knowledge of the dental undergraduate students about leukoplakia as an OPMD.

Methods This research was an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional design. Data were collected via a questionnaire survey conducted using Google Forms. The total score was divided into high (9–12), medium (5–8), and low (0–4). Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25 using comparative analysis Mann–Whitney techniques test.

Results A total of 180 dental profession students completed the questionnaire. Of these, 74 (41.40%) respondents were 22 years old, and 146 (81.10%) respondents were female. A high level of knowledge was achieved by 130 (72.20%) respondents, with each revealing 68 respondents from the 2019 batch and 62 from the 2018 batch, 49 (27.20%) respondents with a medium level of knowledge with 26 from the 2018 batch and 23 from the 2019 batch, and 1 respondent (0.60%) from the 2019 batch with a low level of knowledge. The results showed a p-value of 0.211.

Conclusion There is no significant difference between the levels of knowledge of dental profession students in Universitas Airlangga batches 2018 and 2019 with regard to leukoplakia as an OPMD.

Ethical Approval

It was approved by Health Research Ethical Clearance Commission in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, on July 30, 2020, with certificate number: 340/HRECC.FODM/VII/2020.




Publikationsverlauf

Artikel online veröffentlicht:
08. Juni 2022

© 2022. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
A-12, 2nd Floor, Sector 2, Noida-201301 UP, India

 
  • References

  • 1 Kumar M, Nanavati R, Modi TG, Dobariya C. Oral cancer: etiology and risk factors: a review. J Cancer Res Ther 2016; 12 (02) 458-463
  • 2 Shrestha AD, Vedsted P, Kallestrup P, Neupane D. Prevalence and incidence of oral cancer in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2020; 29 (02) e13207
  • 3 World Health Organization. Indonesia: incidence, mortality and prevalence by cancer site. Accessed April 27, 2022 at: https://gco.iarc.fr/today/data/factsheets/populations/360-indonesia-fact-sheets.pdf
  • 4 Speight PM, Khurram SA, Kujan O. Oral potentially malignant disorders: risk of progression to malignancy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2018; 125 (06) 612-627
  • 5 Zohaib Khan MPH, Sheraz Khan MPH, Lara Christianson MLS, Sara Rehman BDS, Ekwunife O, Samkange-Zeeb FD. . Smokeless tobacco and oral potentially malignant disorders in South Asia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Rev Financ Stud 2018; 29 (09) 2341-2386
  • 6 Mello FW, Miguel AFP, Dutra KL. et al. Prevalence of oral potentially malignant disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Oral Path Med 2018; 47 (07) 633-640
  • 7 Scully C. Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine: The basis of diagnosis and treatment. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Elsevier; 2013: 1-435
  • 8 Warnakulasuriya S. Clinical features and presentation of oral potentially malignant disorders. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2018; 125 (06) 582-590
  • 9 Odell E, Kujan O, Warnakulasuriya S, Sloan P. Oral epithelial dysplasia: Recognition, grading and clinical significance. Oral Dis 2021; 27 (08) 1947-1976
  • 10 Gopinath D, Thannikunnath BV, Neermunda SF. Prevalence of carcinomatous foci in oral leukoplakia: a clinicopathologic study of 546 Indian samples. J Clin Diagn Res 2016; 10 (08) ZC78-ZC83
  • 11 Gondivkar SM, Bhowate RR, Gadbail AR, Sarode SC, Patil S. Quality of life and oral potentially malignant disorders: Critical appraisal and prospects. World J Clin Oncol 2018; 9 (04) 56-59
  • 12 John PR. Textbook of Oral Medicine. . 3rd ed. New Delhi, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd; 2014: 169-200
  • 13 Alqhtani N, Alenazi A, Nasyam F, Almalki S, Mohammed A. Role of the dentist in early detection of oral cancer. J Int Oral Health 2019; 11 (02) 66-69
  • 14 Greenberg M, Glick M. Burket's Oral Medicine. . 12th ed. Shelton, CT: People's Medical Publishing House; 2018
  • 15 Hadžić S, Gojkov-Vukelić M, Pašić E, Muharemović A, Jahić IM. Knowledge assessment among the fourth and fifth year students on the potentially malignant lesions of oral cavity. Balk J Dent Med. 2020; 24 (01) 14-20
  • 16 Notoatmodjo S. Promosi Kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. . edisi revisi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2014: 140-141
  • 17 Notoatmodjo S. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2012: 138-140
  • 18 Mubarak WI, Chayatin N, Rozikin K. Supradi. Promosi Kesehatan Sebuah Pengantar Proses Belajar Mengajar dalam Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu; 2007: 81-83
  • 19 Wetzel SL, Wollenberg J. Oral potentially malignant disorders. Dent Clin North Am 2020; 64 (01) 25-37
  • 20 Soares AB, Perschbacher K, Perez-Ordonez B. Oral potentially malignant disorders. Diagn Histopathol 2018; 24 (05) 161-165