CC BY 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2023; 13(02): 228-232
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1751066
Original Article

Awareness of the Influence of Periodontitis on Systemic Health among Medical Professionals: A Questionnaire Study

1   Department of Periodontics, NITTE (deemed to be university), AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Derlakatte, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
,
2   Raghavendra Vamsi Anegundi Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College, SIMATS, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
,
1   Department of Periodontics, NITTE (deemed to be university), AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Derlakatte, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Background Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the periodontium, characterized by progressive destruction of supporting periodontal structures. However, the periodontal infection can enter into the systemic circulation and affect different organs in the body, and systemic diseases may be aggravated by periodontal disease.

Aim The aim of this study is to evaluate the knowledge of medical professionals regarding periodontal disease and its correlation with systemic disease.

Materials and Methods The survey was conducted in different government/private hospitals in and around Mangaluru city, Karnataka, India. The online survey form was circulated among various medical practitioners between June and August 2019. There was a total of 10 questions in the questionnaire, and the respondents were asked to mark their appropriate choices. Using SPSS version 16, the data collected were compiled and analyzed.

Results A total of 186 general practitioners were involved in the study. About 75.4% of practitioners were aware of periodontal disease and 73.7% of practitioners were aware of the association between periodontitis and cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, 88.1% have referred their patients to a dentist. Among the medical doctors practicing in and around Mangaluru city, this survey showed that knowledge about the relationship between oral health and general health was good.

Conclusion This study emphasizes on increasing the awareness regarding periodontal and systemic interrelationships among physicians and more comprehensive and collective efforts by both the general physicians and dental surgeons to improve overall health through improving oral health.



Publication History

Article published online:
15 July 2022

© 2022. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
A-12, 2nd Floor, Sector 2, Noida-201301 UP, India

 
  • References

  • 1 Caton JG, Armitage G, Berglundh T. et al. A New Classification Scheme for Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions–Introduction and Key Changes from the 1999 Classification. Wiley Online Library; 2018. :S1–S8
  • 2 Nazir MA. Prevalence of periodontal disease, its association with systemic diseases and prevention. Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 2017; 11 (02) 72-80
  • 3 Li X, Kolltveit KM, Tronstad L, Olsen I. Systemic diseases caused by oral infection. Clin Microbiol Rev 2000; 13 (04) 547-558
  • 4 Petersen PE, Ogawa H. Strengthening the prevention of periodontal disease: the WHO approach. J Periodontol 2005; 76 (12) 2187-2193
  • 5 Hemalatha DM, Melath A, Feroz M, Subair K, Mohandas A, Chandran N. A survey on the awareness of interrelationship of periodontal disease and systemic health among Mahe population. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2020; 24 (03) 271-275
  • 6 Graves DT, Ding Z, Yang Y. The impact of diabetes on periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000 2020; 82 (01) 214-224
  • 7 Williams RC, Offenbacher S. Periodontal medicine: the emergence of a new branch of periodontology. Periodontol 2000 2000; 23 (01) 9-12
  • 8 Paul O, Arora P, Mayer M, Chatterjee S. Inflammation in periodontal disease: possible link to vascular disease. Front Physiol 2021; 11: 609614
  • 9 Minasyan H. Sepsis: mechanisms of bacterial injury to the patient. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2019; 27 (01) 19
  • 10 Loos BG, Needleman I. Endpoints of active periodontal therapy. J Clin Periodontol 2020; 47 (Suppl. 22) 61-71
  • 11 Könönen E, Gursoy M, Gursoy UK. Periodontitis: a multifaceted disease of tooth-supporting tissues. J Clin Med 2019; 8 (08) 1135
  • 12 Van Dyke TE, Bartold PM, Reynolds EC. The nexus between periodontal inflammation and dysbiosis. Front Immunol 2020; 11: 511
  • 13 Gambhir RS. Primary care in dentistry - an untapped potential. J Family Med Prim Care 2015; 4 (01) 13-18
  • 14 Gamonal J, Bravo J, Malheiros Z. et al. Periodontal disease and its impact on general health in Latin America. Section I: introduction part I. Braz Oral Res 2020; 34 (Suppl. 01) e024