CC BY 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2023; 13(02): 289-293
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1755447
Brief Report

Evaluation of Cognitive Domain in Objective Exam of Physiotherapy Teaching Program by Using Bloom's Taxonomy

1   Ziauddin college of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
Sumaira Imran Farooqui
1   Ziauddin college of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
Amna Khan
1   Ziauddin college of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
Syed Abid Mehdi Kazmi
2   Department of Physiotherapy, Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
Naveed Qamar
3   Physiotherapy Department, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
Jaza Rizvi
1   Ziauddin college of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.


Objective For the development and growth in conceptual understanding of education, evaluation is one of the key factors of it. Improving a student's cognitive level is highly dependent upon the questions being asked in exams. The primary aim of this study is to analyze the cognitive level of physiotherapy exam papers using Bloom's taxonomy.

Material and Methods The study was performed in a Private Medical University, Doctor of Physical Therapy Program in all 5 years of mid-term examination of 2019. One thousand and eighty multiple-choice questions were evaluated on revised Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive domain.

Results It was found that most lower order cognitive questions were asked from first- and second-year students, whereas third- to fifth-year students were asked higher order cognitive questions ranging from 27.5 to 38%.

Conclusion The examination analyzed the efficacy of education being provided. It helped in finding the subject content that needs greater emphasis and clarification. The faculty should give consideration on higher order cognitive level questions to encourage critical thinking among students and the medical colleges should develop the policy on construction of question papers according to the goal of each study year.

The work was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki including, but not limited to, there being no potential harm to participants in this study and the informed consent of college was obtained and their record kept confidential.

Publication History

Article published online:
13 September 2022

© 2022. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (

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