Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2017; 142(25): 1936-1942
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-116476
Übersicht
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Aromatherapie: wann können ätherische Öle medizinisch eingesetzt werden?

Aromatherapy – From Traditional and Scientific Evidence into Clinical Practice
Wolfgang Steflitsch
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
14 December 2017 (online)

Abstract

Essential oils (EOs), also known as volatile oils, are concentrated natural plant products which contain volatile aroma compounds. Most EOs are derived by steam distillation, a tradition which can be traced back as many as 5000 years. They possess unique properties which result in various possibilities for application, also in modern medical contexts. Areas for medical aromatherapy include respiratory diseases, pain management or stress alleviation, amongst many others. Different modes of application exist: The rich ingredients can be absorbed by the body by anointment, gentle massage, inhalation, or oral intake of capsules. Also the risks of EO application in medical contexts should be considered, such as rare allergic reactions, overdosing, poor substance quality or overestimation of the effectiveness.

Ätherische Öle kennt man vorwiegend als Bestandteil von Kosmetika oder als Hausmittel, z. B. bei Erkältungen. Sie können aber auch als medizinische Therapeutika unterstützend eingesetzt werden. Dieser Artikel gibt eine Übersicht über die Möglichkeiten der medizinischen Anwendung von Aromatherapie.