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Outcome and Complications following Stabilization of Coxofemoral Luxations in Cats Using a Modified Hip Toggle Stabilization—A Retrospective Multicentre StudyFunding None.
Objectives The main aim of this study was to report the surgical technique, the complications and the clinical outcomes of the mini-Tight Rope system (mini-TR) for a modified hip toggle stabilization of coxofemoral luxation in cats.
Study Design A multicentre retrospective study.
Animals Thirty-two client-owned cats.
Methods Medical records (2009–2017) of cats, which underwent stabilization of a coxofemoral luxation with the mini-TR and had at least a 3-month follow-up, were reviewed. The femoral tunnel diameter, the use of one or two FiberWire loops, perioperative complications and clinical outcomes were recorded. Follow-up information was obtained through clinical and radiographic examinations and an owner questionnaire.
Results Thirty-two cats met the inclusion criteria. Concurrent injuries were present in 16 cats. A single or double loop mini-TR was used in 21 and 12 cats respectively. One double loop (1/12 cats) and four single loop (4/16 cats) sutures failed. Moderate-to-severe coxofemoral osteoarthritis developed in 14/27 cats. Owner questionnaires revealed excellent clinical outcomes.
Clinical Significance Mini-TR with a double-stranded implant is recommended to decrease the risk of suture failure. Osteoarthritis is common after open reduction of hip luxations.
Keywordstraumatic coxofemoral luxations - modified hip toggle stabilization - feline coxofemoral osteoarthritis
This study was presented in abstract form at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Veterinary Orthopedic Society, Snowmass, Colo, March 2018.
All authors contributed to study design, editing of the manuscript and approval of the final version. S.C.K., N.W., A.P., and F.L. contributed to writing of the manuscript. S.C.K. and A.H. contributed to data retrieval. S.C.K. performed the data analysis.
Received: 11 April 2022
Accepted: 14 March 2023
Article published online:
28 April 2023
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