CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indographics 2023; 02(02): 062-078
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1771538
Pictorial Review

Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Nontraumatic Gastrointestinal Emergencies in Children

Prerana Hosale
1   Department of Radiodiagnosis, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
,
R.S. Solanki
1   Department of Radiodiagnosis, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
,
Archana Puri
2   Department of Pediatric Surgery, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College (VMMC), Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
,
Shilpi Agarwal
3   Department of Pathology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
,
1   Department of Radiodiagnosis, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Acute, nontraumatic gastrointestinal pathologies are commonly encountered in the pediatric emergency department. They often pose a diagnostic dilemma with an assemblage of various etiologies, depending on the age and clinical features. Despite the advent of computed tomography, various issues pertinent to children make ultrasonography (USG) the initial imaging modality of choice in investigating acute gastrointestinal pathologies. This article discusses the ultrasonographic approach to acute gastrointestinal pathologies in children, and how sonography is instrumental in guiding diagnosis and treatment. Characteristic USG findings of common pediatric gastrointestinal emergencies—including acute appendicitis, intussusception, Meckel's diverticulitis, midgut volvulus, bowel perforation, and abdominal tuberculosis—are illustrated in this pictorial review.



Publication History

Article published online:
16 October 2023

© 2023. Indographics. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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